Perceived Causes and Contours of SMEs Failure in China: Comparative Perceived Risk Analysis of Future Entrepreneurs
主讲人：Tariq H. Malik（泰瑞克）教授
主讲人简介：Tariq H. Malik（泰瑞克）教授，目前担任辽宁大学商学院管理学教授（创业/创新/政策研究），泰国曼谷克瑞克大学名誉教授，东北大学客座教授。在英国伦敦大学获得管理与创新博士学位，在曼彻斯特商学院获得工商管理硕士，主要研究方向包括：企业家精神、创新管理，国际商务、比较机构，组织研究和创新政策，2005至今发表会议论文51篇，期刊论文28篇，其中6篇即将发表，在相关领域产生了一定的影响。担任11篇杂志的审稿人，其中获得《Research Policy》杂志杰出审稿人奖。2014年被评为中国最喜爱的外国老师，由中央政府颁发国家奖。
SMEs (small and medium enterprises) make the backbone of an economy, and with the encouraging policies of the Chinese government, the registered SMEs have risen from 12 million in 2013 to 34 million in 2018. Unfortunately, a great proportion of them (50%) vanished within in five years. We posed the question why so many SMEs fail in China? We explore the perceived causes of SMEs failure from the perspective of future entrepreneurs—business and management students as main respondents. Beginning with economic and normative reasons, we used institutional theory as a framework. The data from this qualitative researched 939 interviews over the years. For the analytical purpose, we used rhetorical context to analyse the situated-attention of the respondents in two steps. First, we used a coding processes to identify categories of economic and normative reasoning. Second, we quantified these coded categories for descriptive statistics. The combined analysis added internal and external dimensions to the economic and normative reasons, leading to four distinctive parts. Each parts consists of related factors. Hence, we identified 16 factors as perceived causes of SMEs failure in China. Based on these findings, we contributed in three ways. First, provide a framework for a survey instrument. Second, we contributed to the dominant logic argument that attention leads to interpretative response. Third, we contributed to institutional theory that multiple logics influence interpretative evaluation of future entrepreneurs. Therefore, we conclude that the views student and non-students reflect the perceived uncertainty of the SMEs, and it has implications for the SMEs start-ups, government policy and academic research.Keywords: Small and medium enterprises, SMEs failure in China; Students future entrepreneurs; Institutional theory; Internal and external causes; economic and normative logic.